Campaign for compulsory
State of Rajasthan
India, its cities and towns are experiencing unprecedented and unparalleled motorization in recent times. The motorization pattern in India indicates that nearly 3/4 of the total registered vehicles are motorized two-wheelers. Even though a significant increase is seen in urban areas, there is a noticeable increase in rural areas also. In Rajasthan, up to 2013, total 7465863 two-wheelers are registered which is nearly 74% of total vehicles registered.
Among all motor vehicles fatalities, motorcycles are the most dangerous type of vehicle to drive. They have a great pick up and high speed; which may lead to road traffic accidents.┬á According to MORTH*, two-wheelers have highest share in total annual road accidents in 2012 (25.1%). ÔÇ£Nearly 60 to 70% of injured or killed two-wheeler riders sustain injury to the brain in a crash. A helmet primarily reduces the impact of the collision and thereby consequent injury to the brainÔÇØ as per NIMHANS* report.
Centre for Road Safety has a capacity and outreach to access all types of accident data from the Transport and Police department of Government of Rajasthan. It can also access Ministry of Transport Highways, Govt. of India and National Crime Record Bureau to get accidental data. However, there is lack of segregation of data in the form of head injuries, death due to head injuries, death due to non-wearing of helmet etc. at State level.
- Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India
- National Crime Record Bureau, Govt. of India
- National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore
As per Gazette notification of Government of Rajasthan, Helmet use is compulsory for two wheeler riders since November 10, 1987 and updated in July 05, 2002. However, Government has exempted Pillion Riders and areas other than the municipal limits of all district headquarters from the provisions of rule 255 A of the Rajasthan Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Rules, 1987.
Thus, the main purpose of this project is ÔÇÿto do advocacy to make Helmet Use compulsory in all cities including rural areas in the State of Rajasthan along with strict enforcement.ÔÇÖ
Through advocacy to revise the Gazette Notification of Transport Department of Government of Rajasthan to make Helmet Use compulsory in the State of Rajasthan i.e. all Districts (33) including Rural areas and to include a clause on compulsory use of Helmet for pillion Riders in the remaining 6 Divisional Headquarters i.e. Kota, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur, Bikaner and Bharatpur.
The Centre for Road Safety is highly motivated to educate the citizens of Rajasthan on Road Safety. There are several workshops and other awareness programs are done by the Centre and many are in the progress. The Centre has organized Helmet Advocacy Workshops at 6 Divisional Headquarters and one State level workshop in Jaipur. District level Helmet Advocacy workshops were also done at Jaipur Rural and Dausa.
In furtherance to this, the Centre is trying to connect youth with Road Safety, therefore the Centre organized poster competitions and get done Road Safety Awareness Programs in various schools and Colleges across Rajasthan.
- In first phase, State Government has issued Gazette Notification on 1st April 2015 to Helmet Use compulsory in the State of Rajasthan other than rural areas and compulsory use of Helmet for Pillion riders in the remaining 6 divisional headquarters i.e. Kota, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur, Bikaner and Bharatpur.
- In second phase, State Government has issued Gazette Notification on 29th Oct, 2015 to Helmet Use compulsory in the State of Rajasthan in rural areas also and compulsory use of Helmet for both riders across Rajasthan including urban as well as rural.
- HonÔÇÖble Supreme Court, New Delhi has given instructions to make ISI Helmet use compulsory for both riders.